Average ESI by President of the United States (POTUS):

President Stress
Obama 12
Bush Jr. 7.52
Clinton 3.78
Bush Sr. 7.9
Reagan 6.88
Carter 6.7
Nixon/Ford 6.15

ESI by Presidential Term:

President Stress
Obama 2 8.4
Obama 1 15.95
Bush Jr. 2 7.22
Bush Jr. 1 7.82
Clinton 2 1.37
Clinton 1 6.2
Bush Sr. 7.9
Reagan 2 4.32
Reagan 1 9.45
Carter 6.7
Nixon Second Term/Ford 6.15
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U6 Explanation

The U-6 counts the regular unemployed (known as the official Unemployment Rate or U-3), plus those marginally attached to the workforce (halfway looking for jobs), plus those who have part time jobs because they can’t find full-time jobs due to the state of the economy. The Economic Stress Index uses a rolling 3-month average of the U-6.

GDP Explanation

The year-over-year/12 month percent change in U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Income Explanation

The year-over-year/12 month change in Household Income. Preliminary data is from Sentier Research until the Census releases its own data.