The Economic Stress for April 2019 is 2.32; similar to the 2.39 of March and the 2.33 of February. The lower the index, the better the economy is. The historical annual average of the ESI (1973 through 2018), is 7.16
Underemployment (the U-6) averaged 7.36% the last three months ending with the April 2019 jobs report released early May 2019, and Gross Domestic Product (“The Economy”) was 3.18% higher the last quarter compared to the same quarter a year earlier. Household Income was 1.86% higher in the last three months (February-March-April) compared with the same three months a year earlier according to Sentier Research.
An economic number reflecting a bad part of the economy (such as Underemployment) adds to the ESI. A good economic number such as the GDP and Household Income both rising reduces the ESI. Hence, the ESI for April 2019 adds up as follows:
7.36 is the base number; reflecting Underemployment
3.18 is deducted; reflecting the economic growth
1.86 is deducted; reflecting Household Income growth
2.32 remains; reflecting an Economic Stress Index of 2.32 for April 2019.
The U-6 counts the regular unemployed (known as the official Unemployment Rate or U-3), plus those marginally attached to the workforce (halfway looking for jobs), plus those who have part time jobs because they can’t find full-time jobs due to the state of the economy. The monthly Economic Stress Index uses a rolling 3-month average of the Seasonally Unadjusted U-6.
The percent change in GDP of the latest quarter compared to the same quarter a year earlier. In the Annual section it is the annual percent change in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the current year compared to the year before.
The three month average income level change from the same three months a year earlier. In the Annual section, it is the income level change of the current year compared to the proceeding year. The monthly numbers are from Sentier Research. The Annual number is preliminary until the Census releases its annual report.